Posted by : Unknown Thursday, 30 July 2015

Every year about 14 lakh students appear for JEE mains. After the ranks are ready they try to get a good college. This is the moment where students have to choose a college X over Y and so is the confusion between different branches. Yeah it is right that a good and reputed college gives you a lot of exposure but the critical factor which decides your future is the stream chosen by you. Many students don’t even know what things they are going to study under their chosen stream. They just follow what other students do. You get a lot of time after your exams to research about different streams. Many students decide a particular stream on the basis of its scope. But according to me every stream has an equal scope. The main factor on which you should opt for a branch is your interest. My article will give you knowledge about main branches of engineering which will generate an idea in your mind about what you are going to study in coming four years.

Computer science
It includes the design and control of computing devices with the application of electrical systems. It covers both software and hardware engineering. Software engineering is the study of designing, implementing and modifying software. Computer software is simply a set of instructions that directs a computer processor to perform specific functions. You can become a computer programmer. A computer programmer writes codes for many kinds of software.

Hardware engineering includes designing developing and testing various computer equipment. It can range from circuit boards and microprocessors to routers.

Artificial intelligence is a new and interesting sub discipline which aims at developing programs such as problem solving, decision making, environmental adaptation, learning and communication found in humans and animals.

Electronics & communication
It is a discipline which uses electrical components such as electron tubes and semiconductor devices such as transistors, diodes, resistors, capacitors and integrated circuits to make printed circuit boards. It includes optical engineering under which you can make instruments and systems that utilizes the properties of electromagnetic radiations. 

There are many sub-fields under it:

1.   Signal processing: It deals with analysis:  and manipulation of signals. Signal can either be analog or digital. It involves modulation, demodulation, amplification and error checking.

2.   Telecommunications: It is the exchange of information over several distances by electronic means. It deals with transmission of information across a channel such as a co-axial cable, optical fire or free space. 


3.   Control engineering: It is a discipline that applies control theory to design systems with desired behaviors. It has a wide range of applications from flight and propulsion systems of commercial Airplanes to the cruise control present in many modern day cars.

4.   VLSI design engineering: It stands for very large scale integration. It deals with fabrication of IC's and various electronic components.

Electrical & electronics
It is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. It deals with generation, transmission and distribution of electricity as well as the design of related devices. Many sub disciplines are related to ECE. Electrical engineers design, develop, test, and supervise the manufacturing of electrical motors, radar and navigation system, communication systems, or power generation equipment . Electrical engineers also design the electrical systems of automobile and air-crafts. Electronics engineers design and develop electronic equipment, such as broadcast and communications systems, from portable music players to global positioning systems (GPS). Many also work in areas closely related to computer hardware.

Information technology
Information Technology is an engineering division, which concentrates on the study of utilizing computers and telecommunications in order to control, gather, store and circulate information. Both software and hardware sectors are parts of Information Technology. Due to the importance and reputation of IT, the present age is sometimes referred to as information technology age. IT represents a vast category of career options that are based on processing, designing, developing, managing or supporting computer and web-based technologies and devices that constitute an IT network. The modern world is entirely IT-dependent with Information Technology applications present in nearly every aspect of our lives.

It comprises the design, analysis and usage of heat and mechanical power for the operation of machines and mechanical systems. This field is concerned with manipulation and control of vibrations, especially vibration isolation and reduction of unwanted sounds. An interdisciplinary branch thermal engineering is concerned with heating and cooling of processes and equipment. The design, manufacture and operation of systems and equipment that propels and controls vehicles also come under this.

It is a hybrid of mechanical and electronics. An industrial robot is a prime example of mechatronics.

 An emerging variant of this field is bio-mechatronics whose purpose is to integrate mechanical parts with a human being, usually in the form of removable gadgets such as an exoskeleton.

Production engineering is a combination of manufacturing technology with management science. A production engineer typically has a wide knowledge of engineering practices and is aware of the management challenges related to production. Production engineering encompasses the application of castings, machining process, joining process, metal cutting and tool design, machine designing and manufacturing.


It includes the design and development of aircraft and air control systems. It is a division of aerospace engineering which focuses on applying physics, mathematics and other disciplines in order to construct an aircraft. Aeronautical engineers work to make sure propulsion systems operate efficiently and that aircraft's aerodynamic performance is sufficient. 


It is the application of physical and biological sciences to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms such as medicines, soaps, petrochemical, paper, plastics, nuclear weapons etc. Sub disciplines:

1.   Bio-molecular engineering: It focuses on the manufacturing of bio-molecules.

2.   Molecular engineering: It focuses on the manufacturing of molecules.

3.   Process engineering: Focuses on design, operation, control and optimization of chemical processes.

It is a combination of biology and technology in an applied science. You can pursue Bioinformatics, an application of biotech and an interdisciplinary field that solves biological problems using computational techniques. Another option is Bio-medical Engineering, which uses engineering expertise to analyze and solve problems in Biology and Medicine, providing an overall enhancement of healthcare. This branch is linked with medicine, agriculture and food. You can do research in genetics.

Textile engineering courses deal with the application of scientific and engineering principles to the design and control of all aspects of fiber, textile, and apparel processes, products, and machinery. These include natural and man-made materials, interaction of materials with machines, safety and health, energy conservation, and waste and pollution control. Additionally, students are given experience in plant design and layout, machine and wet process design and improvement, and designing and creating textile products. Throughout the textile engineering curriculum, students take classes from other engineering disciplines including: mechanical, chemical, materials and industrial engineering.   

It is concerned with the exploration, extraction and processing of raw materials from the earth. It is associated with many other departments like geology, mineral processing and metallurgy. A mining engineer manages all phases of mining operation from exploration and discovery of mineral source to its study, mine designing, development of plans, production and operation to mine closure.

Materials and metallurgical

It involves property of matter and it's application to engineering. it's major specialties are:

1.   Metallurgical engineering: It is the study of metals and their applications.

2.   Ceramic engineering: It includes processing of raw oxide materials and advanced material that are polymorphic, poly-crystalline, oxide and non oxide ceramics.

3.   Polymer engineering: Study of polymers and its applications.

4.   Crystal engineering: Design and synthesis of molecular solid state structures.

It involves property of matter and its application to engineering. its major specialties are:

     1. Reservoir engineering: The application of scientific principles to study the flow of fluids in underground reservoirs so as to obtain a high economic recovery .

     2. Drilling engineering: The design and application of equipment and techniques to drill wells.

3. Production engineering: The design and application of equipment and techniques to bring well fluids to the surface and then separate out the various components.

It comprises the design, construction and maintenance of physical and natural built environment including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams and buildings. It is broken into several sub disciplines including architectural engineering, environmental engineering, geo-technical engineering, control engineering, structural engineering, earthquake engineering, transportation, municipal or urban engineering, and waste water engineering. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.

The application of engineering principles to agricultural fields such as farm power and machinery, biological material process, bio-energy, farm structures, and agricultural natural resources. It includes study of cultured species. It is also related to food engineering which covers processing and packing of food.



[Please give your feedback in comments and kindly share it as it can help a lot of students.]

{ 1 comments... read them below or add one }

Popular Post

ParaZz production | © All rights Reserved. Powered by Blogger.